Five College Center for the Study of World Languages Logo

The LangMedia site is currently being updated. This resource is available for use while the updates are happening, but does not follow the normal path through the LangMedia pages. You can use the back button to return to the previous page at any time. If you are looking for other LangMedia resources, use the navigation link above, entitled "Home", to access the main page of the site.

Mentored Turkish Course Page

Please note that this page is still under construction. We will be checking links, making navigational improvements and working on the text formating.

Turkish Grammar Videos

List of Sections

1. How do Turkish sounds and letters behave?

2. Noun Cases & ile

3. Personal Pronouns

4. Possessives and Compounds

5. Where? Here and there

6. Adjectives & More

7. Forming verbal nouns with -mA

8. Expressing ‘before’ and ‘after’

9. Expressing ‘want’, ‘need’, ‘must’ and ‘have to’

10. Using var and yok

11. Expressing ‘to be’ with personal suffixes

12. The present progressive (-Iyor) tense

13. Imperatives: how to give commands

14. The Future Tense

15. Definite Past Tense without a Turkish verb

16. Definite Past Tense with Turkish verbs

17. Geniş Zaman (Aorist Tense)

18. Reported Past (-mIş) Tense


1. How do Turkish sounds and letters behave? (Vowel Harmony & more)

2-way Vowel Harmony and Forming Plurals

4-way Vowel Harmony

Consonant alternation Why do they keep changing?

Vowel Harmony & the Question Particle

2. Noun Cases & ile

The Ablative Case (from, through, than)

The Accusative Case (marking direct objects)

The Dative Case (to, towards, for)

The Locative Case (on, in, at)

The Genitive Case (of)

The Postposition “ile” (with, and)

3. Personal Pronouns (I/you/he/she/it/we/they)

Personal pronouns

Personal Pronouns in the Genitive Case

Pronouns with irregular dative case forms

4. Possessives and Compounds

Possessive suffixes (mine, yours, ours)

Double possessives (my sister’s friend’s car)

Forming compound nouns (plane ticket, office door)

5. Where? Here and there

How to use bura, şura, ora & nere with the correct suffixes

6. Adjectives & More

Superlatives (the best, the worst)

Comparatives (better, worse)

Ordinal numbers (1st , 2nd) and the question word kaçıncı

“Intensive” Adjectives (black vs. pitch black)

7. Forming verbal nouns with -mA

Verbal nouns with –mA (and how to add possessives to them)

8. Expressing ‘before’ and ‘after’

How to Say ‘Before’ in Turkish

How to Say ‘After’ in Turkish

9. Expressing ‘want’, ‘need’, ‘must’ and ‘have to’

How to say “I want to swim” (Expressing “to want” with Infinitive + the verb istemek)

How to say “I need a taxi” (Expressing need with dative + “ihtiyaҫ”)

How to say “I have to go” (Expressing need/must with “lazim” and “gerek”)

Expressing need/must with the verb “gerekmek”

10. Using var and yok (Expressing ‘to have’ and ‘there is/there isn’t’)

Making statements with var and yok

Asking questions with var and yok

11. Expressing ‘to be’ with personal suffixes(‘I am a student’, etc.)

How to say “I am a student” or “I am happy” (Affirmative Statements in the Present Tense Using the Verb ‘to be’)

How to say “I am not a doctor” or “I am not sick” (Negative Statements in the Present Tense Using the Verb ‘to be’ and “değil”)

How to ask “Are you Turkish?” or “Are you a teacher?” Affirmative Yes/No Questions with the Present Tense of the Verb ‘to be’ and the Question Particle “mI”

12. The present progressive (-Iyor) tense (I am writing, I’m not going, etc.)

How to say, “I am writing” Affirmative Statements in the Present Progressive (-Iyor) tense

How to say “I am not writing” Negative Statements in the Present Progressive (-Iyor) tense

How to ask “Are you coming?” Yes/No affirmative questions in the present progressive tense

How to ask “Aren’t you coming?” Yes/No Negative Questions in the Present Progressive (-Iyor) tense

13. Imperatives: how to give commands

Affirmative Imperatives (Do that!)

Negative Imperatives (Don’t do that!)

14. The Future Tense (I will go)

How to say “I will go” Future tense affirmative statements

How to say “I will not go” Future Tense Negative Statements

How to ask “Will you go?” Future Tense Affirmative Yes/No Questions
NOTE: The (ler/lar) plural suffix is optional in the 3rd person plural.

How to ask “Won’t you go?” Future Tense Negative Yes/No Questions

15. Definite Past Tense without a Turkish verb (I was a student, you were not)

How to say “I was a student” Expressing the Definite Past Tense without a verb (-(y)di)

How to say “I was not a student” Expressing the Negative Definite Past Tense without a verb (“değil” + -(y)di)

16. Definite Past Tense with Turkish verbs (I went, you wrote, they said)

How to say “I gave” Definite Past Tense (-dI) Affirmative Statements

How to say “I did not give” Definite Past Tense (-dI) Negative Statements

How to say “Did you give?” Definite Past Tense (-dI) Affirmative Yes/No Questions

How to say “Didn’t you give?” Definite Past Tense (-dI) Negative Yes/No Questions

17. Geniş Zaman (Aorist Tense)

How to say “I go” Aorist Tense (Geniş Zaman) Affirmative Statements

How to say “I don’t go” Aorist Tense (Geniş Zaman)Negative Statements

How to ask “Do you go?” Aorist Tense (Geniş Zaman) Affirmative Yes/No Questions

How to ask “Don’t you go?” Aorist Tense (Geniş Zaman) Negative Yes/No Questions

Aorist Tense (Geniş Zaman) Irregular Stems

18. Reported Past (-mIş) Tense

How to say “He (apparently) went” Reported Past Tense (-miş) Affirmative Statements

How to say “He (apparently) did not go” Reported Past Tense (-miş) Negative Statements

How to ask “Did he (apparently) go?” Reported Past Tense (-miş) Affirmative Yes/No Questions

How to ask “Didn’t he (apparently) go?” Reported Past Tense (-miş) Negative Yes/No Questions